EE101 Pre-Lab Exercise 6

THIS PRE-LAB EXERCISE WILL BE COMPLETED AS A CLASS, THE DAY OF THE LAB!

Using the general layout in Figure 1, design a circuit, which will produce a TTL compatible signal. You are to design a circuit so that the signal, output at X1-3, will have a frequency range from about 1Hz to 10Hz. This signal will drive two LED's which will alternately flash. Your business manager has told you that your company has an over-abundance of 10 Kohm potentiometers and 150uF capacitors. Therefore, select Rvar and C1 so that you can make use of one of these. When designing your circuit for R1, R2, R3, LED1, and LED2, take note that:

1. The LED's have a nominal current rating of 5mA.
2. An acceptable design is one in which the lower and upper frequency limits are within 10% of the specified values.
3. Specific resistor values between 1 Kohm and 1Mohm are available.
4. The TTL output signal has a frequency equal to f = 1.44/((R1 + 2R4)(C1)) hertz.
Once you have designed your circuit, perform separate calculations for Rvar = 1Kohm, 3Kohm, 6Kohm, and 10Kohm.

Your pre-lab should include a completed schematic with all circuit element values along with the math you used to design all aspects of your circuit.

Figure 1

EE 101 Lab Exercise 6: The 555 Timer

In this lab exercise you will complete the first stage of your EE101 semester project. Later in the semester you will need the setup information and results from today's lab. Therefore, it is important that you keep all of this today's work in a safe, easy to find location. It is highly recommended that you create a separate subdirectory for this and all remaining labs. You may also wish to backup this work on a floppy disk when you have the chance.

For this lab, you will use PSPICE to simulate your design, and to verify that your design is a valid one.

Part I - Entering your schematic in PSPICE

1. Using the PSPICE schematic capture program, enter the schematic that you designed in the pre-lab. Refer to Figure 1 to help you with parts placement and attributes. Parts of the schematic in Figure 1 are deliberately left out. These items are left for the student to put in. (The 555 timer and diodes are located in the eval library and the potentiometer is located in the breakout library).

2.

1. The part name for the variable resistor is POT. Under attributes, define its package type as a TO-39 and its value as {Rvar}. (The brackets around this name allow for you to designate the potentiometer's value as a changeable parameter).

2.
3. LED's are not defined PSPICE's libraries. For these parts, use the diode D1N4148. Rename the D1 and D2 designators LED1 and LED2. Make sure you orient them correctly in your schematic.

4.
5. To simulate the potentiometer, you will use a feature in PSPICE named "parameters". To set this up, first add the part "PARAM" (located in the special library) to your schematic. Place the parameters block to the side of your schematic. Edit the parameters attributes as follows:

6. Name1 = Rvar
Value1 = 0

7. Under the Analysis menu, choose setup and configure the following:

8.

Bias Point Detail - make sure this is selected
Parametric - Swept Variable Type = Global Parameter
Sweep Type = linear
Name = Rvar
Start Value = 1K
End Value = 10K
Increment = 1K
Transient - Print Step = 0.1s
Final time = 3s

9. Be sure to hook up power (+ 5VDC), ground, and a voltage marker to your circuit (the +5 volt reference shown in Figure 1 is not a true power source).
Part II - Simulating Your Design
1. Perform an electrical rule check on your circuit. If this reports any errors, fix them at this time.

2.
3. Simulate your design. After several seconds of calculations, the Probe window will pop up with a smaller window in front of it. In this smaller window are the ten settings for Rvar. All are selected at first. Deselect all of them by clicking on "None." Then, select the Rvar = 1K setting with your mouse and click on "OK." A waveform will appear. Using the cursors, measure the period of this waveform and calculate its frequency. Verify that this frequency is close to what you calculated it should be in the pre-lab. Print out a copy of the waveform.

4.
5. To check how your circuit reacts with different values of Rvar, simply go back to the schematic and re-simulate (just hit the F11 key). Then, when the probe window comes up, select the value of Rvar that you want to observe the waveform for. Do this for Rvar = 3Kohm, 6Kohm, and 10Kohm. Compare these results to those you calculated in the pre-lab and print out the waveforms for each.

February 2001