**Lecture Outline for Fall 1998**

Wednesday 8/26

- Sections 1-1, 1-2.
- Introduction and Course Syllabus.
- Review of Scientific Notation and Engineering Prefix Notation.
- Definition of decibel.

- Sections 1-1, 1-2.
Friday 8/28

- Section 1-3.
- Definitions of charge
q , currenti , voltagev , and powerp .- Voltage is
**between**two points in a circuit. - Current is
**through**a point in a circuit.

- Voltage is
- Passive sign convention and power calculations.

- Definitions of charge
- Section 2-1.
- Definition of circuit element.
- Our first circuit element
- The resistor - Ohm's law, resistance and conductance

- Section 1-3.
Monday 8/31

- Section 2-1 (continued).
- Definition of linear and bilateral circuit elements.
- Our first circuit elements
- The resistor - Ohm's law, resistance and conductance
- Open and short circuit
- Switch
- Voltage source
- Current source

- Section 2-2 Connection Constraints
- Definition of circuit, node and loop
- Kirchhoff's Current Law
- Kirchhoff's Voltage Law

- Section 2-1 (continued).
Wednesday 9/2

- Section 2-3 Combined Constraints
- Using KCL, KVL and element equations to find 2E equations with 2E unkowns for a circuit with E circuit elements.
- Series and Parallel connections
- Ground reference node

- Section 2-3 Combined Constraints
Friday 9/4

- Section 2-4 Equivalent Circuits
- Definition of equivalent circuit.
- Resistors in series and parallel.
- Sources in series and parallel.
- Sources and resistors.

- Section 2-4 Equivalent Circuits
Wednesday 9/9

- Section 2-5 Voltage and current division
- Voltage division - calculation of voltages for resistors in series.
- Current division - calculation of currents for resistors in parallel

- Section 2-5 Voltage and current division
Friday 9/11

- Section 2-6 Circuit Reduction
- Using equivalent circuits to simplify complex circuits
- Combining resistors in series and parallel
- Using source transformations

- Section 2-6 Circuit Reduction
Monday 9/14

- Review of Chapters 1 and 2 for Exam

Wednesday 9/16

- Exam 1

Friday 9/18

- Section 3-1 -- Introduction Node Voltage Analysis

Monday 9/21

- Section 3-1 -- More on Node Voltage Analysis
- Selection of a reference (ground) node
- Definition of node voltage
- Calculating element voltages from node voltages
- Steps in node voltage analysis

- Section 3-1 -- More on Node Voltage Analysis
Wednesday 9/23

- Section 3-1 -- More on Node Voltage Analysis
- Section 3-2 -- Introduction to Mesh Current Analysis
- Steps in node voltage analysis -- Writing down node voltages equations by inspection
- Analyzing circuits with voltage sources using node voltage method -- the Supernode
- Number of equations necessary to analyze a circuit using node voltage method (Number of nodes - 1 - number of voltage sources)
- Using Cramer's Rule to solve two equations with two unknowns

- Section 3-2 -- Introduction to Mesh Current Analysis
- Mesh current analysis with for circuits contaning no current sources

Friday 9/25

- Section 3-2 -- Mesh Current Analysis
- Using MATLAB to solve multiple equations with multiple unknowns

Monday 9/28

- Section 3-3 -- Linearity -- Superposition and Unit Output Methods
- Solving circuits with multiple inputs using superposition
- Solving ladder circuits using the unit output method

- Section 3-3 -- Linearity -- Superposition and Unit Output Methods
Wednesday 9/30

- Section 3-4 -- Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits
- Defining open-circuit voltage v
_{oc}and short-circuit current i_{sc}, - Thevenin equivalent circuit -- V
_{T}= v_{oc}, R_{T}= v_{oc}/i_{sc}, - Norton equivalent circuit -- I
_{N}= i_{sc}, R_{N}= v_{oc}/i_{sc}, - R
_{T}= R_{N}= resistance looking backwards with all independent sources turned off.

- Defining open-circuit voltage v

- Section 3-4 -- Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits
Friday 10/2

- Section 3-4 -- More 0n Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits
- Finding operating point (Q-point) for non-linear loads

- Section 3-5 -- Maximum signal transfer
- If source is fixed
- maximum power transfer when R
_{L}= R_{T} - maximum voltage when R
_{L}= infinity - maximum current when R
_{L}= 0

- maximum power transfer when R

- If source is fixed

- Section 3-4 -- More 0n Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits
Monday 10/5

- Review of Chapter 3 for Exam

Wednesday 10/7

- Review of Chapter 3 for Exam

Friday 10/9

- Exam on Chapter 3

Monday 10/12

- Section 4-1 -- Active devices and dependent sources
- Definition of active device
- Definition of linear dependent source
- Current-controlled voltage source
- Voltage-controlled voltage source
- Current-controlled current source
- Voltage-controlled current source

- Definition of feedback
- Applying circuit analysis techniques to circuits with linear dependent sources

- Section 4-1 -- Active devices and dependent sources
Wednesday 10/14

- Section 4-2 -- Circuit analysis with dependent sources
- No feedback -- analyze part with independent sources, then part with dependent sources
- Feedback -- usually easiest to use node-voltage or mesh-current
analysis
- Node-voltage -- put dependent source value in terms of node voltages, and proceed as in regular node voltage analysis
- Mesh-current -- put dependent source value in terms of mesh currents, and proceed as in regular mesh current analysis

- Section 4-2 -- Circuit analysis with dependent sources
Friday 10/16

- Definition of input resistance and output resistance
- How to calculate R
_{in}and R_{out}

- How to calculate R

- Definition of input resistance and output resistance
Monday 10/19

- Section 4-4 and 4-5 -- The Operational Amplifier (Op Amp)
- Saturation voltages, linear region, operation with negative feedback
- Golden rules -- when operating in the linear region with negative
feedback, i
_{N}= i_{P}= 0, and v_{N}= v_{P} - Analysis of op amp cicuits -- for unknown circuits use node-voltage
analysis: do not write node voltage equation at op amp outputs, but get the
extra equation by applying v
_{N}= v_{P}. - Op Amp building blocks
- Inverting amplifier
- Follower

- Section 4-4 and 4-5 -- The Operational Amplifier (Op Amp)
Wednesday 10/21

- Section 4-5 -- Op Amp Circuit Analysis
- Op amp building blocks
- Non-inverting amplifier
- Summing amplifier
- Difference amplifier

- Using building blocks and block diagrams to analyze and desgin op amp circuits

- Op amp building blocks

- Section 4-5 -- Op Amp Circuit Analysis
Monday 10/26

- Sections 5-1, 5-2, and 5-3 --
Basic signals in Electrical Engineering
- The step function
- The delta function
- The ramp function
- The exponential function -- amplitude and time constant

- Sections 5-1, 5-2, and 5-3 --
Basic signals in Electrical Engineering
Wednesday 10/28

- Section 5-4 -- the sinusoidal function
- Amplitude, period, and phase
- Relationship between period, frequency (in Hertz), and frequency (in radians/second)
- Converting between phase-frequency form (V
_{A}cos(2 pi f t + phi)) and Fourier components (a cos(2 pi f t) + b sin(2 pi f t)).

- Section 5-4 -- the sinusoidal function
Friday 10/30

- Section 5-5 -- Composite waveforms
- Exponential rise
- Damped sinusoid
- Double exponential

- Section 5-6 -- Waveform partial descriptors
- Period, V
_{max}, V_{min}, V_{PP}, V_{avg}

- Period, V

- Section 5-5 -- Composite waveforms
Monday 11/2

- Section 5-6 -- Waveform partial descriptors
- Root-Mean-Square value (V
_{RMS})

- Root-Mean-Square value (V
- Review of Chapters 4 and 5 for Exam

- Section 5-6 -- Waveform partial descriptors
Wednesday 11/4

- Exam over Chapters 4 and 5

Friday 11/6

- Sections 6-1, 6-2, 6-3 -- Capacitors, Inductors and Dynamic OP AMP
Circuits
*v-i*relationship for capacitor*v-i*relationship for inductor- Using capacitors with op-amps -- differentiator and integrator

- Sections 6-1, 6-2, 6-3 -- Capacitors, Inductors and Dynamic OP AMP
Circuits
Monday 11/9

- Section 6-4 -- Equivalent capacitors and inductor circuits
- Capacitors in series and parallel
- Inductors in series and parallel

- Section 6-4 -- Equivalent capacitors and inductor circuits
Wednesday 11/11

- Section 7-1 -- Zero-input response of RC and RL circuits
- Finding equation for RC and RL circuit using KVL, KCL and element equations.
- Definition zero-input response.
- Solution of first-order constant-coefficient homogeneous linear differential equation.

- Section 7-1 -- Zero-input response of RC and RL circuits
Friday 11/13

- Section 7-2 -- Step response of RC and RL circuits
- Definition of natural and forced response
- Solution of first-order constant-coefficient linear differential equation with step input.

- Section 7-2 -- Step response of RC and RL circuits